TODAY IS FRIDAY, DECEMBER 14, 2018, 2:32:20 PM

The delegation of the Russian customs officers paid a visit to their colleagues from Japan and took part in the workshop that was held on the basis of the Customs Institute of Japan. The delegation included the representatives of the Federal Customs Service and the Far East Customs office, as well as the experts of Vladivostok, Kamchatka, Nakhodka, Sakhalin and Khabarovsk Customs.

The event was organized by the Japan-Russia Youth Exchange Centre in accordance with the agreement reached between the Customs Authorities of the Russian Federation and Japan.

During the visit, the Russian delegation attended Kashiwa Central Customs Laboratory, as well as got acquainted with the work of the customs offices located in Narita International Airport and the Sea Port of Yokohama.

The Russian customs officers got comprehensive information about the structure of the Japan Customs Authorities, the technologies used and the operating principles. They also saw in action the customs clearance of passengers and cargo.

Tasks that solve the customs officers of the Land of the Rising Sun are similar in many ways to those that the Russian Customs Service officials face, i.e. protection of the population from the entry of prohibited goods to the country (weapon, drugs and substances for their manufacturing, as well as other dangerous goods); collection of customs fees and taxes; foreign trade promotion.

As a comparison, the customs duties and taxes in Japan constitute 12.5% of its budget, while the Russian Federal Customs Service provides more than 50% of the Russian Federal Budget revenue.

The structure of the Customs Service of Japan includes nine regional customs departments that incorporate 183 customs offices and customs stations. Regional customs departments report to the Customs and Tariff Bureau, which is subordinated to the Ministry of Finance of Japan.

Japanese customs officers use the NACCS network (Nippon Automated Cargo Clearance System) that unifies the databases of almost all the state regulatory and law enforcement authorities, owners of warehouses storing customs cargo, carriers, customs brokers, banks, etc. Owing to this system, different decisions, including those in the sanitary, veterinary and phytosanitary control framework, are taken.

With the help of the NACCS system 98% of all the customs declarations are submitted and released. Thanks to NACCS, only about 2% of the total amount of cargo is inspected.

The work of NACCS is based on the same principles as the risk management system in Russia.

Fiscal function is not a core function for the customs authorities in Japan. Nevertheless, the control over the completeness of payment of customs duties for the purpose of fair taxation is carried out. To help importers (the export of goods is free of duties), special rules to determine customs value of goods have been developed. The aforementioned evaluation system has been in place since 1966.

The major control is shifted to the stage after the release of goods (postaudit). After the release of goods foreign traders are to keep the documents and accounting records for goods for seven years.

Customs Authorities in Japan, as well as in Russia, protect the Intellectual Property Rights. All goods, including those transported in the international mail and addressed to individuals, are checked.

In addition to general information, the Russian customs officers were told about the difficulties that their Japanese colleagues face. In particular, the customs officers of both countries exchanged their experience in the domain of the customs value control. The Japanese customs officials got interested in the procedure of the remote goods release that is used by the Russian Customs. This system is not applied in Japan.

The visit of the Russian customs officials to Japan was rich in information and useful. It showed that, despite the differences, the customs officers of both countries are on duty for the benefit of their states, protect the economy and national security, and create favourable conditions for the development of the world trade.