|Far Eastern Customs Inspectors Trained in Shanghai Customs Academy|
A delegation of the Far Eastern Customs Administration passed a two-week internship at the Shanghai Customs Academy (PRC). The delegation of the Far Eastern Customs Administration (FECA) included the heads of the Birobidzhan, Blagoveschensk and Khasan customs, the top officials of the Grodekovskiy and the Pogranichny customs posts (the Ussuriysk customs), the Seaport Zarubino customs post (the Khasan Customs) and the Bikin customs post (the Khabarovsk customs).
The training for the FECA delegation was held at the educational center of the Shanghai Customs Academy with visits to the Chinese customs authorities. The training was organized at a high level. The training program allowed the Far Eastern customs inspectors to know about both foreign trade and customs system of the PRC, and the history, culture and traditions of China.
The People's Republic of China is the most important economic and political partner of Russia. The Far East development program is inseparably associated with the promotion of the economic activity of the two countries. That is why sharing of experience, theoretical knowledge and practice of customs procedures is of vital importance.
The FECA delegation heard a course of lectures on China's strategic policy in the sphere of foreign trade and logistics; the structure, system and main goals and objectives of the PRC's customs service; the reform and administration of customs clearance in the PRC; on cross-border cooperation.
The PRC works a lot on new logistic routes for export of goods from the country, in particular, the economic corridor along the Silk Road, which shall become a new platform for the development of the Russian-Chinese comprehensive partnership and strategic cooperation.
The strategic goal of the PRC is setting up of a common Eurasian-European market of goods. The customs policy pursued by China aims to stimulate the export of the goods produced in its customs territory, including those produced in free economic zones.
The PRC has 42 customs, which are directly subordinated to the PRC Main Customs Administration, 612 customs, 58,000 customs employees, with 6,000 of them being customs police officers. The key task faced by the PRC Main Customs Administration is to stimulate the secondary sector. The reforms carried out by the government are aimed at steady operation of the domestic production, transformation and improvement of the processing industry status and a diversified development of foreign trade.
The training program address a number of important issues and problems that the PRC customs come across, in particular: management and control of risks connected with customs procedures; management of business categories; management of special customs control zones, control of Internet trade (where the turnover of goods in 2013 was 15 trillion yuans), problems of customs value of goods, subsequent control of businesses.
The Chinese customs officers place great emphasis on the control of businesses in the area of foreign trade. In China, all businesses that pursue foreign economic activity are classified into classes. A business may fall into one of the following five classes:
- class АА - the business has a very high credibility level;
- class А - the business has a high credibility level;
- class B - the business is credible enough;
- class C - the business has a low credibility level;
- class D - the business has a very low credibility level.
During practical classes the FECA delegation visited the Suzhou, Yangshan, Shanghai and Pudun customs and the motor car production facilities SAIS MOTOR in Shanghai.
After the completion of the training, all students were awarded certificates.
The Far Eastern customs officers noted the friendly atmosphere and the active interest of their Chinese peers in mutual exchange of experience. The obtained theoretical knowledge and practical skills will help the Far Eastern customs officers in their subsequent work. Getting to know the operating principles of the Chinese customs makes it possible to understand the key reasons of the issues arising in the process of customs operations in mutual trade and develop effective mechanisms of interaction for their resolution.
1. Central Customs Directorate (CTU)
2. Siberian Customs Directorate (STU)
4. Southern Customs Directorate (JTU)
5. Privolzhsky Customs Directorate (PTU)
6. Urals Customs Directorate (UTU)
7. Far Eastern Customs Directorate (DVTU)
8. North Caucasus Customs Directorate (SKTU)